Does the Quality of Postpartum Hemorrhage Local Protocols Improve the Identification and Management of Blood Loss after Vaginal Deliveries? A Multicenter Cohort Study - Université Clermont Auvergne Access content directly
Journal Articles Healthcare Year : 2022

Does the Quality of Postpartum Hemorrhage Local Protocols Improve the Identification and Management of Blood Loss after Vaginal Deliveries? A Multicenter Cohort Study

Abstract

Substandard care, which can result from a delayed recognition of the severity of blood loss, can increase maternal morbidity. Our objectives were to assess the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and of second-line procedures in maternity units according to the quality of their PPH protocol. We used a mixed design, a prospective cohort (3442 women with PPH after vaginal delivery; February–July 2011), and an audit of the written protocols (177 French maternity units; September 2010–June 2011). A quality score was calculated for the protocol of each unit. Maternity units were classified into three categories according to this score: category 1 (total score: 0–8), category 2 (9–12.5), and category 3 (>12.5). The PPH incidence (>500 mL) was 3.2%, 3.3% and 4.6% among maternity units in categories 1, 2 and 3, respectively (p < 0.0001). The incidence of severe maternal morbidity (surgery and/or artery embolization and/or blood transfusion) was higher among maternity units in category 1 (54.8%; 95% CI: 51.9, 57.7) than in either category 2 (50.1%; 95% CI: 47.8, 52.5) or 3 (38.0%; 95% CI: 33.8, 42.4]) (p < 0.0001). The risks of severe maternal morbidity were lower for category 3 than category 1 and 2 (respectively, adjusted RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.60–0.86 and 0.77, 95% CI 0.68–0.87). Finally, maternity units with higher scores identified PPH better and used fewer curative second-line procedures.
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hal-03717345 , version 1 (08-07-2022)

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Françoise Vendittelli, Chloé Barasinski, Olivier Rivière, Caroline da Costa Correia, Catherine Crenn-Hébert, et al.. Does the Quality of Postpartum Hemorrhage Local Protocols Improve the Identification and Management of Blood Loss after Vaginal Deliveries? A Multicenter Cohort Study. Healthcare, 2022, 10 (6), pp.992. ⟨10.3390/healthcare10060992⟩. ⟨hal-03717345⟩
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