X-ray tomography applied to tsunami deposits: Optimized image processing and quantitative analysis of particle size, particle shape, and sedimentary fabric in 3D - Université Clermont Auvergne Access content directly
Journal Articles Marine Geology Year : 2024

X-ray tomography applied to tsunami deposits: Optimized image processing and quantitative analysis of particle size, particle shape, and sedimentary fabric in 3D

Abstract

The analysis of particle size, shape, size, and their spatial arrangement (i.e. fabric) in a sedimentary deposit plays a significant role in their interpretation in terms of transport mechanism, flow conditions, and sediment source. The present work focuses on the use of X-ray computed tomography (X-CT) to analyze tsunami deposits (core samples), as examples of complex sedimentary assemblages. A workflow of image processing is proposed to measure 3D parameters of particle size, shape, and orientation using two different software packages (Fiji-ImageJ, and IPSDK) and two different methods of image segmentation. The semi-automated method provides better segmentation quality of the tsunami deposit, as compared with the poor performance of fully-automated image segmentation. We also provide some clues to reduce the computational time. This workflow is applied to two examples of tsunami deposits on the coasts of the Algarve (1755 Lisbon tsunami, southern Portugal). Optimized processing of X-CT images gives access to detailed vertical variations of grain size, grain shape, and componentry (clayey matrix, silicates, and carbonates, including marine bioclasts), as well as information on flow directions inferred from the sedimentary fabric in 3D. High-resolution analysis of the bedforms and vertical grain size grading allows determining the flow conditions during the inundation phase of the tsunami.
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Wednesday, September 25, 2024
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Wednesday, September 25, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04514532 , version 1 (21-03-2024)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Saptarshee Mitra, Raphael Paris, Laurent Bernard, Rémi Abbal, Pascal Charrier, et al.. X-ray tomography applied to tsunami deposits: Optimized image processing and quantitative analysis of particle size, particle shape, and sedimentary fabric in 3D. Marine Geology, 2024, 470, pp.107247. ⟨10.1016/j.margeo.2024.107247⟩. ⟨hal-04514532⟩
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