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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2021

Tracking slab surface temperatures with electrical conductivity of glaucophane

Abstract

Slab surface temperature is one of the key parameters that incur first-order changes in subduction dynamics. However, the current thermal models are based on empirical thermal parameters and do not accurately capture the complex pressure–temperature paths of the subducting slab, prompting significant uncertainties on slab temperature estimations. In this study, we investigate whether the dehydration-melting of glaucophane can be used to benchmark the temperature in the slab. We observe that dehydration and melting of glaucophane occur at relatively low temperatures compared to the principal hydrous phases in the slab and produce highly conductive Na-rich melt. The electrical properties of glaucophane and its dehydration products are notably different from the hydrous minerals and silicate melts. Hence, we conclude that the thermodynamic instability of glaucophane in the slab provides a unique petrological criterion for tracking temperature in the present-day subduction systems through magnetotelluric profiles.

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Petrography
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hal-03349098 , version 1 (20-09-2021)

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Geeth Manthilake, Ye Peng, Kenneth T. Koga, Mainak Mookherjee. Tracking slab surface temperatures with electrical conductivity of glaucophane. Scientific Reports, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-97317-0⟩. ⟨hal-03349098⟩
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