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Journal Articles Nanotechnology Year : 2021

Growth of long III-As NWs by hydride vapor phase epitaxy

Abstract

In this review paper, we focus on the contribution of hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) to the growth of III-As nanowires (NWs). HVPE is the third epitaxial technique involving gaseous precursors together with molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and metal-organic VPE (MOVPE) to grow III–V semiconductor compounds. Although a pioneer in the growth of III–V epilayers, HVPE arrived on the scene of NW growth the very last. Yet, HVPE brought different and interesting insights to the topic since HVPE is a very reactive growth system, exhibiting fast growth property, while growth is governed by the temperature-dependent kinetics of surface mechanisms. After a brief review of the specific attributes of HVPE growth, we first feature the innovative polytypism-free crystalline quality of cubic GaAs NWs grown by Au-assisted vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) epitaxy, on exceptional length and for radii down to 6 nm. We then move to the integration of III–V NWs with silicon. Special emphasis is placed on the nucleation issue experienced by both Au-assisted VLS MOVPE and HVPE, and a model demonstrates that the presence of Si atoms in the liquid droplets suppresses nucleation of NWs unless a high Ga concentation is reached in the catalyst droplet. The second known issue is the amphoteric behavior of Si when it is used as doping element for GaAs. On the basis of compared MBE and HVPE experimental data, a model puts forward the role of the As concentration in the liquid Au–Ga–As–Si droplets to yield p-type (low As content) or n-type (high As content) GaAs:Si NWs. We finally describe how self-catalysed VLS growth and condensation growth are implemented by HVPE for the growth of GaAs and InAs NWs on Si.
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hal-03196224 , version 1 (12-04-2021)

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Evelyne Gil, Yamina Andre. Growth of long III-As NWs by hydride vapor phase epitaxy. Nanotechnology, 2021, 32 (16), pp.162002. ⟨10.1088/1361-6528/abdb14⟩. ⟨hal-03196224⟩
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